Posts tagged ‘1680s’

May 8, 2012

1678 and 1681 Maryland Tax Lists

In the 1600s, the patriarchs of the southern branch of the Wakefields are found in various locations in and around the Chesapeake Bay area. Maryland tax records from 1678 and 1681 show Thomas Wakefield and Richard Wakefield paying tobacco-related taxes. Charles is present in both the 1678 and 1681 tax lists whereas Richard is only present in the 1681 tax list. Unfortunately, only the 1678 tax list includes the country of the person being taxed. As a result, only Thomas’s county of residence, Charles County, is known.

1678 Tax

The following information was extracted from the reference cited below. It should act as at least a partial census of Maryland for the year 1678 since all inhabitants were levied a tax of tobacco. The manner of determining the amount of the levy is unknown but appears to be based in part on the amount of land or property owned by the individual. Therefore, the relative size of the levy should give some indication of the wealth of the individual. The number appearing after each name is the levy assessed in pounds of tobacco.

The 1678 Tax List entry (Charles County):

Wakefeild, Thomas – 300

1681 Tax

The following information was extracted from the reference cited above. It should act as a partial census of Maryland for the year 1681 since all inhabitants were levied a tax of tobacco. The manner of determining the amount of the levy is unknown but appears to be based in part on the amount of land or propery owned by the individual. Therefore, the relative size of the levy should give some indication of the wealth of the individual. The number appearing after each name is the levy assessed in pounds of tobacco. It is apparent that some of the individuals in the list are being paid for services to the province.

The 1681 Tax List entries:

Wakefeild, Richd – 230

Wakefeild, Tho: – 200

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